Tuesday, June 18, 2013

Comment RE. Note 4: Toward ethical norms and institutions for climate engineering research David R Morrow et al (2009) an excerpt.

Comment RE. Note 4: 
(Updated May 18, 2013 Comment RE. note 4 added)

Extensive literature about climate engineering - geoengineering exists in the English language, but this same literature is lacking in the Spanish language, meaning that at least one of the largest sectors of the world population falls under this paper's definitions of 'coercion' and 'exploitation'. 

Given that there may be other population sectors that may also lack the information available to and from climate engineering - geoengineering researchers and proponents in their own languages, it is necessary to make the same information available for public consumption in, at minimum, the Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish languages in order to begin remediation of this deficiency.

Toward ethical norms and institutions for climate engineering research David R Morrow et al (2009) an excerpt.

"The Principle of Respect requires that the scientific community secure the global public's consent, voiced through their governmental representatives, before beginning any empirical research."

"3. Preliminary ethical concerns about SWCE (Short Wave Climate Engineering) (Solar Radiation Management) research

There are four ethical reasons to worry about performing climatic SWCE research at all, over and above its effects on humans, animals, and ecosystems. 

First, pursuing SWCE solutions to climate change may create a moral hazard, exacerbating the challenge of mitigating emissions [6, 8, 12, 16, 22]. 

Second, SWCE research may lead to development of technologies that could be used for nefarious purposes [1, 6, 16].

Third, beginning SWCE research in earnest may create interest groups within scientific or business communities that would have strong incentives to push for SWCE (or at least SWCE research) even if it turns out to be unwise [4, 22]. 

Finally, money spent on SWCE research is unavailable for other kinds of research, such as on the mitigation of or adaptation to climate change."

"Once it progresses from computer modeling and engineering research into climatic experiments, SWCE research acquires the same ethically dubious features as research on human and animal subjects. It exposes humans, animals, and ecosystems to potentially serious risks in ways that could be coercive or exploitative"Note4.

Note4 In this context, `coercion' is defined as compelling someone to face risks created by an experiment without obtaining their informed consent. `Exploitation' is defined as the recruitment of research participants in such a way that it is difficult or impossible for them to refuse participation or to understand the nature of the research and the risks involved. (Emphasis mine)

Toward ethical norms and institutions for climate engineering research David R Morrow et al (2009)

RESEARCH ETHICS AND GEOENGINEERING (OPINION ARTICLE) David R Morrow,Robert E Kopp and Michael Oppenheimer June 2013
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